Located 80 km northwest of Cuzco, Machu Picchu stands between the two
mountain peaks, 2400 meter high above sea level. It is a part of the
UNESCO World Heritage Sites and a Historical Sanctuary of Peru.
Built in the middle of the 15th century, the city was an official
residence for the Incan rulers. The giant walls, terraces and other
constructions of Machu Picchu look as if they were naturally cut in the
rocks. One of its most famous monuments is Intihuatana, used as a
ritual stone, an astronomic clock and a calendar.
The population of Machu Picchu died less than 100 years after its
construction. The Spanish invaders, who came to South America in the
end of the 15th century, did not find the remote city. That’s what
saved the site from destruction and allowed this amazing work of the
Incan art to survive till nowadays.